The recent upgrades to three clans were all initiated by information on emigrant families. This Post is about an emigrant family from the Garryhinch clan, who emigrated to the USA from Ireland. Subsequent Posts will focus on the emigration of 3 sisters from Timperley, Cheshire to Saskatchewan, and a family who emigrated from Lancashire to Finland, with a branch emigrating on to Canada.
Ireland to USA
Gary Merrill sent me information on the family of Anthony William Warburton who was born circa 1782. No connection from Anthony to the Warburtons of Garryhinch has been found. However Anthony is believed to be descended from the Rev. Richard Warburton because of various connection to Birr in County Offaly. Two of Richard’s sons, Bartholomew Boyd, and Thomas have connections with Birr. Bartholomew was living there with his family by 1806, while Thomas had children baptised there in 1796 and 1797. Anthony William worked in Portumna, 15 miles west of Birr, and had several children baptised there. However one, Robert Newenham, was baptised at Birr. Subsequently Anthony’s son John Philip lived in Birr, and had at least 2 children baptised there.
John Philip’s son Frederick named his New York home Arley, and he was known to use the Warburton Coat of Arms. This implies he believed he was related to the Warburtons of Cheshire. An edition of Burke’s Landed Gentry published in 1848, and never corrected, claimed that Frederick’s 4x great grandfather George became head of the primary Warburton line after the male line at Arley died out in 1813.
Anthony’s eldest son was named William Thomas (b1809). His wife Margaret’s father was William, suggesting that Anthony’s father’s name might have been Thomas. Also, although the name was relatively rare in the Garryhinch clan, there was a definite liking for the name Thomas in Anthony’s family. Their second son was named Thomas Anthony, and John Philip named a son Thomas Robert. Also Anthony is referred to as a Gentleman on his marriage, and the marriage of his daughter Lucy in 1851.
However it isn’t clear exactly how Anthony is linked to the Garryhinch clan. He has been arbitrarily linked as a son of Thomas, 5th son of Reverend Richard Warburton, via an unknown first wife. Unfortunately there are no known male line heirs to enable a DNA check, though it is possible autosomal tests might identify cousins on other lines.
Anthony died in 1837 and subsequently 3 sons, a daughter, and his widow all emigrated to the USA. In fact it seems his eldest son William Thomas had tried to emigrate in 1836, but he died at sea, and was buried on Staten Island.
Adolphus and his Descendants
The first to emigrate was youngest son Adolphus Frederick. On 12th July 1851 he was recorded in the List of Manifest of all the passengers taken on board the ship Enterprise from Liverpool, aged 20, from Ireland.
Adolphus was naturalised a US citizen on September 13th 1856. On June 19th 1868 he sent a letter from 39 Park Row, New York requesting a passport. He described himself as aged 39 years, 5 feet 8 inches, with a high forehead, blue eyes, medium nose, long chin, dark brown hair, light complexion, and long face. He swore that he was born in Portumna, Ireland, on or about the 12th day of July, 1828, that he is a naturalized and loyal citizen of the United States, and about to travel abroad.
The Dayton in Manhattan Blogspot (29 Apr 2014) reports on the house where he lived thus: “The block of East 41st Street between Madison and Park Avenues is walled by soaring brick and stone commercial buildings. At No. 41, on the north side of the street, a weary relic breaks the rule—looking part haunted house and part squalid store space. The building had dignified beginnings. As the grand mansions of New York’s wealthiest citizens crept up Fifth Avenue in the years following the Civil War, the fashionable tone of the neighborhood spilled onto the side streets. No. 41 was on the cutting edge of residential style; clad in brownstone it rose three stories over a high English basement. A wide brownstone stoop would have led from the sidewalk to the parlor level and a handsome mansard roof capped the design. According to the New York State Reporter, the annual rent on the house in 1884 was $1,500; or about $3,000 per month today. Adolphus F. Warburton, his wife and five children lived in the house at the time”.
However the 1880 census records Adolphus at Greenwich, Connecticut. He is a stenographer living with his wife Frances Ann, children Kate Eliza, Frank Tyng, Ella Bird, Adolphus Frederick Junior, Grace Irving and Mabel Post, and 4 servants.
His obituary appeared in the New York Times on 11th Jan 1888:
“Adolphus F. Warburton, the well-known stenographer, died yesterday at his home, 41 East Forty-first-street. His death was caused by pneumonia, from which he had suffered only a few days, having been engaged in his duties in the Superior Court a week ago. He leaves a widow and five children. Mr. Warburton was born in Ireland on July 12, 1828. When 12 years old, owing to the death of his father, he was compelled to leave school, and his subsequent education was gained in a printing office. While at work on a newspaper he became interested in Moot’s stenography. Having worked his way up from a printer’s ‘devil’ to foreman, he came to this city in 1851 and sought a position on The Times, then projected. He was forced to confess that he knew nothing of New-York politics or men, but when Mr. Raymond [Henry J. Raymond, New York Times founder] said, ‘You see of how little use you can be on a daily paper as yet,’ he replied, ‘Yes, Mr. Raymond, but I can set type.’ He did not set type long before he became a member of the regular reporters’ staff. In 1854 he started the business of law reporting and became associated with the leading stenographers of the country. Since November, 1863, he had been the official stenographer of the Superior Court, Part I. Mr. Warburton was a member of the Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor, the Protestant Episcopal Church Missionary Society for Seamen, and the Society for Improving Workingmen’s Homes. He was also a member of the Union League Club. Mr. Warburton had been connected with the Church of the Holy Trinity since its organization, was a Trustee, and clerk of the Vestry.”
Adolphus had 11 children in total, but only one son and 4 daughters reached adulthood. He was interred in Green Wood Cemetery where a Monument was erected to him and his many dead children.
His son Frank Tyng was probably named after Episcopal clergymen Rev. Stephen Higginson Tyng, father or son; Rev. Stephen Higginson Tyng, Sr (1800-1885) was considered to be one of the most notable preachers of the time, and leader in the evangelical party of the Episcopal Church. Rev. S. H. Tyng Jr. founded in 1874 the now demolished Holy Trinity Episcopal Church, commonly referred to as Dr. Tyng’s Church, located on the northeast corner of Madison Avenue and 42nd Street, just a block from Grand Central Station.
Frank’s obituary was in the New York Times of 16th November 1938:
“Greenwich, Conn., Nov. 15. — Frank T. Warburton, a retired lawyer and a leader in religious and welfare work among merchant sailors in New York, died here today at his home after being ill for eight months. His age was 72. Mr. Warburton, who had resided here for sixty years, retired from law practice last May because of his illness. He was secretary and treasurer of the board of managers of the Seaman’s Church Institute of New York and the oldest member of the board in years of service, having been a member for fifty years. He helped to raise millions of dollars for the institute, which is sponsored by the Protestant Episcopal Diocese of New York and is located at 25 South Street, New York. While he was secretary and treasurer the organization’s present building was completed in 1913 and its addition was opened in 1929. It has a capacity of 1,000 beds. Born in New York, Mr. Warburton was a member of an old New York family and was the son of the late Adolphus Frederick Warburton and of the late Mrs. Frances A. Warburton. He was graduated from Columbia College in 1885 and from the Columbia University Law School in 1888. The latter year he succeeded his father as a member of the board of managers of the institute. In 1892 he became corresponding secretary of the institute’s board and, in 1904, secretary and treasurer. He held the latter posts until his death. On Jan. 27 last the board gave a luncheon to mark his fifty years of service. Mr. Warburton long was a practicing lawyer in New York. His office was at 49 Wall Street. He formerly was treasurer of the New York Bible and Common Prayer Book Society, an Episcopal organization. He had been a member of the Church Club and a parishioner of St. James’s Church, New York. Surviving are his widow, Mrs. Elizabeth M. Wells Warburton; a son, Frank Wells Warburton of Greenwich, a member of the institute’s board of managers, and three sisters, Mrs. Clinton E. Braine of Yonkers, N. Y., and Mrs. Henry T. Strong and Mrs. Grace W. Brown of New York.”
These sisters were Ella Bird (1867-1950) who married Clinton Elgin Braine, Mabel Post (1879-1966) who married Henry Tunstal Strong, and Grace Irving ( born 1877) who married Myron J Brown. A fourth daughter, Kate Elza (1862-1905) did not marry.
Frank Tyng’s son Frank Wells (1905-61) did not marry. His obituary in the New York Times of 24th December 1961 stated:
“Frank Wells Warburton of 147 West Fifty-fifth Street, who was associated with the John Hay Whitney office for many years, died Friday in St. Luke’s Hospital. His age was 57. Mr. Warburton was on the board of managers of the Seamen’s Church Institute and had been active in the New York Bible and Common Prayer Book Society. He graduated from Princeton in 1926 and served in the Navy in World War II. He belonged to the University Club.”
Anthony’s wife Margaret Keilly travelled from Dublin to New York on the ship Milicete arriving on June 24th 1852. She was recorded as a Cabin passenger, a housekeeper, aged 55. However she did not survive long.
Her obituary appeared in the New York Times of 19th July 1853:
“Died at her residence, No. 8 Tillary Street, Brooklyn, on Sunday, July 17, at 5 o’clock P. M., of acute bronchitis, Margaret, widow of the late Anthony Wm. Warburton, of Dublin, in her 60th year. She leaves to her family and friends, in Ireland and in this country, a memory honored and endeared by the exercise of meek piety, active kindness, and warm affections. Her cup of life was embittered by many afflictions, and for some years her health has been gradually decaying; but, thoughtful for others rather than herself, she ever contributed to the happiness of those around her. Her voice was never heard save in tones of gentleness and love”
Robert Newenham Warburton
Anthony’s 4th son Robert Newenham was the next to emigrate, sailing to America on the “Queen of the West”, from Liverpool to New York,, arriving on 18th Jul 1853. He was listed as: Robt. Waburton, 26, from Ireland. He was living with his brother John Philip in the 1855 census.
Before emigrating Robert had served in the army. His record shows Robert Warburton, Private, 5th (Princess Charlotte of Wales’s) Dragoon Guards, born in the Parish of Portumna in or near the Town of Portumna in the County of Galway; attested (enlisted) at Cahir, 6 Nov 1841, Age 15 Years 6 Months; discharged at Newbridge, 5 Nov 1852, Age 26. Service 6/12 Years, height 5 Feet 7 Inches, hair light brown, eyes blue, complexion fair, trade none; Intended place of residence Ennis, Co. Clare.
Robert N (38) a law reporter born in Ireland was listed as subject to do military service in July 1863. Robert’s last record in New York is in the Brooklyn City Directory for 1870, but he has not yet been found in the 1870 Census, either in New York or in Iowa.
Whether he is the Robert Warburton who married Lucy Ann Leonard in Hardin Co Iowa in Dec 1871, and appears in the 1880 and 1885 censuses is likely, but has not been proven.
After Anthony’s death in 1837, his 3rd son John Philip appeared in Birr, suggesting he had connections there. He married in 1840 and rapidly became part of the local ‘establishment’, particularly in the church (St. Brendan’s). He is called “Gent.” in the baptism of his eldest child William Anthony (1841), and the following year was “Clerk of the Church”, on his second child’s baptism. Thereafter he was ‘teacher’ on subsequent baptisms. At the establishment of the parochial Free School in 1845 he was teacher of the boys, while his mother Margaret Warburton taught the girls (his wife may also taught there as the occupation of both in the 1855 New York census is “Teacher”).
John emigrated to America in 1855, leaving Liverpool on the Ontario and arriving in New York on April 25th. He was a teacher aged 40, and accompanied by Mrs Lizzy (40) [this seems to be an error as his wife was Jemima], Wm (13) a teacher, Fredk (12), Thos (11), John (10), and Henry (6). John appeared in the 1855 census in New York, but by 1860 he had settled in Cleveland, Ohio. He was naturalised on September 24th 1860.
His brother Adolphus wrote a letter to their sister Lucy in England, dated Sept 1862: ” I heard from Cleveland today. They are all well there. John and his wife can sympathise with you, – for as you know, they lost three boys since they came here.” On 24th Apr 1863 he wrote: “John & Jemima are in tolerable health. Fred is investing his savings in the purchase of a house for them in Cleveland.” The three boys lost since John and Jemina arrived in Cleveland were William Anthony, Thomas Robert and Henry Adolphus. They had already lost a son, Robert Mandevilie (1850-5) before they left Ireland. The sympathy for Lucy is probably for the loss of her son Alexander who is present on the 1861 census, but is not on the 1863 passenger list when she emigrated.
John’s wife Sarah Jemima nee Egan died in 1873, aged 64, from inflammation of the bowels. He then moved back to New York where he appeared in the 1880 census.
John’s death was recorded in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle on 23 Jun 1896: “On Monday morning, June 23, John Philip Warburton, in the 81st year of his age. Funeral services will be held at his late residence, 472 Vanderbilt av, Brooklyn, on Wednesday, June 24, at 4 P. M. Interment at Cleveland, O.”
The Monumental Inscription at Monroe Street Cemetery, Cleveland records: “In Loving Memory/ John Philip and Sarah Jemima Warburton and their children William Anthony, Robert Mandeville, Thomas Robert, John Philip, Henry Newenham Warburton.” On the end of stone John’s sister Lucy W. Robinson is recorded. The stone was erected in 1901 by cousins Frederick J. Warburton and Wm. W. Robinson. Cemetery records show only John P. and S. J. Warburton, and Lucy J. Robinson are buried there.
The Register of internments lists John P Warberton (sic) of 472 Vanderbuilt Avenue, NY died aged 80 of heart disease.
Only 2 of John’s 6 sons reached adulthood. One of these, John Philip was recorded in the Cleveland Directory of 1873 which lists him as a junior clerk. He must have died before 1901 as he is listed on the Memorial Inscription erected in that year.
Frederick John son of John Philip
Frederick John Warburton is the only one of John’s sons to enjoy a full life, and it was an extremely successful one. He was the main sponsor and underwriter of Mergenthaler, the inventor of the linotype machine, and later Secretary Treasurer of the Mergenthaler Linotype company. He was also one of the founders of the company that became Columbia records. He called his estate in Westchester Co., New York “Arley”, and is known to have used the Warburton coat-of-arms, thus supporting the belief that he and his family were related to the Garryhinch Clan.
There are several references, articles, census entries and letters that help to outline Frederick’s life.
On 11th April 1865 Frederick married Susan Virginia Otter, daughter of William Otter of Baltimore. Virginia died on 19th May 1901, They had a daughter Helen Edith (1866-1945), and a son William John (1869-1897).
In the 1870 census Frederick is a 28 year old stenographist (sic) living with Virginia (27), Ellen (3), William (9 months), and a servant in Jersey City.
The Brooklyn Eagle, on 12th Dec 1879 lists Frederick J Warburton amongst the list of “gentlemen who were admitted to the General Term of the Supreme Court this morning as attorneys and counsellors at law”.
In the 1880, and all subsequent censuses Frederick is living in Brooklyn. In 1880 he is a lawyer living at 175 Adelphi Street with wife Virginia, children Helen, and William, and his widowed father John P, a clerk. By 1900 he is a Secretary and Treasurer boarding at 472 Vanderbilt Avenue with Virginia (57).
He wrote a letter to his cousin William Robinson concerning the the Monumental Inscription at Monroe Street Cemetery in Cleveland. The letterhead was “Mergenthaler Linotype Co., Tribune Building, New York, Fredk J. Warburton, Secretary Treasurer” and it was dated September 12th, 1901.
My dear Will:
I find on my return from a vacation on the St. Lawrence a letter from Thomas & Miller of Quincy, Massachusetts, saying that the monument I ordered for father’s and mother’s grave would be shipped to Cleveland the first or middle of this week and that Mr. J. L. Miller will start out to set it. The foundation it seems has been already built. May I trouble you to go out to the cemetery and see whether it is being set in the way we desire it. I showed Mr. Miller the diagram you sent me showing that the monument was to face on the broader walk of the two. I have had your mother’s name put on the end of the monument next to the narrow walk. I gave it to them as Lucy W. Robinson – the “W” of course standing for Warburton, her maiden name. I hope you are all quite well, Love to wife Maggie & the children, Your affectionate cousin J F Warburton” [William’s wife was Louisa, so ‘Maggie’ is William’s sister, Margaret Robinson].
The obituary of Andrew Devine in the Syracuse [NY] Herald, 5th May 1909:
” Twenty-five years ago, Mr. Devine and Frederick J. Warburton, another stenographer, attempted to invent a machine similar to the present stock ticker. They expended all their savings in the venture and then decided to hire a practical machinist. The man they selected was Ottman Mergenthaler, then employed at $3.50 a day in a Baltimore machine shop. It was from Devine and Warburton that Mergenthaler obtained his idea of a linotype machine. When the Mergenthaler Linotype company was organized Mr. Devine became one of the directors and Mr. Warburton the treasurer.”
In the 1910 census Frederick is living at 130 New York Avenue on a bursary with Mary H (64), brother-in-law James Heard (66), grand daughter Mary H Brand (16), and a servant. Frederick and Mary had been married 3 years, and Frederick had had 2 children, both living [though in fact his son had already died]. Frederick stated his year of immigration as 1856. Frederick had married Mary Helen Otter, his late wife’s sister, though the exact date is not known.
On his Passport Application dated 13 Apr 1912 he declares: “I solemnly swear that I was born at Birr, Kings County, Ireland on or about the 23rd day of April, 1842 that my father emigrated to the United States from Liverpool, England on or about March 1855 …”
A letter to the Editor of the New York Times from Fred J. Warburton refuting the story that Merganthaler “died a poor man”), dated 6th August 1914:
“The writer of this, who is familiar with the history of the linotype from its birth, asks to correct, through your widely read journal, a misapprehension which seems to exist on this subject … Ottmar Mergenthaler was a mechanic, earning $3.50 a day in an instrument maker’s shop in Baltimore when he was engaged, on the recommendation of his employer, by a number of Washington reporters, to work upon a printing machine … The money expended (which was a very large sum for those who employed him) resulted in the education of Mr. Mergenthaler in the printing art, and he finally brought forth a machine which was the forerunner of the present linotype … By the time that was brought about several million dollars had been expended … Mr. Mergenthaler died a rich man … Since his decease the average of royalties continued to be paid to his family has been considerably more than $50,000 a year … Fred. J. Warburton, New York, July 30, 1914.”
Scarsdale Inquirer, 1st Jul 1916:
“One hundred and fifty employees of the Mergenthaler Linotype Company of New York were entertained last Saturday afternoon at the residence of Mr. Frederick J. Warburton on Cushman road.”
Editor & Publisher’, 5th May 1917:
“F. J. Warburton Honored – His Seventy-fifth Birthday Was Fittingly Observed by Friends. On the evening of April 23, the seventy-fifth anniversary of the birthday of Frederick J. Warburton, treasurer of the Mergenthaler Linotype Company and vice-president of the Columbia Graphophone Company, a coterie of his friends celebrated the occasion by a dinner in his honor at the Engineer’s Club, New York City. The menu brochures contained a fine portrait of Mr. Warburton, the cover design being the coat of arms of the Warburtons. The tribute was a surprise to Mr. Warburton. Representatives of the Mergenthaler Linotype Company and the Columbia Graphophone Company were invited guests, numbering in all about sixty persons, joined in felicitating the guest of honor, and congratulatory telegrams and cablegrams from home and abroad were received and read. Engrossed resolutions suitably bound were presented to Mr. Warburton as a souvenir-memorial of the day.”
Frederick’s obituary appeared in the New York Times, 3rd November 1917:
“Frederick John Warburton, Secretary and Treasurer of the Mergenthaler Linotype Company and one of the pioneers in the phonograph business, died yesterday at his home in Hartsdale, N. Y., from heart disease. Mr. Warburton was seventy-five years old. He came to this country from Ireland as a boy and studied to become a lawyer. He was largely instrumental in bringing to Brooklyn the big Mergenthaler manufactory, with which he had been connected since it was organized more than thirty years ago. He was also Vice President and a Director of the American Graphophone Company; Vice President of the Columbia Graphophone Company, and a Director of the Automatic Clerk Company of Newark. Mr. Warburton was actively interested in public charities in Brooklyn and Manhattan. He is survived by his wife and a daughter, Mrs. Helen W. Joy.”
Also the Washington Post, 3rd November 1917:
“Frederick J. Warburton Dead. New York, Nov. 2. — Frederick J. Warburton, vice president of the Columbia Phonograph Company and secretary of the Mergenthaler Linotype Company, died today at his home in Hartsdale, a suburb of New York, aged 76 years.”
These two newspaper references state Frederick died at his home in Hartsdale. However a few months later his widow died at her home in Scarsdale. The two places adjoin each other so the references are probably to the same home.
Frederick’s only son had died in 1897 in Fresno California, where he had gone for the sake of his health.
Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 10th Jun 1897:
“William John Warburton, a young New York lawyer, well known in Brooklyn, died last night at Fresno, Cal., his temporary place of residence. Mr. Warburton, the son of Frederick S (sic). Warburton, the well known stenographer, secretary of the Mergenthaler Linotype Company, was a native of Brooklyn, a graduate of Public School No. 13, of the Polytechnic in 1886, of Columbia College in 1890 and of Columbia Law School in 1892. During his college course he was class poet, prize debater, commencement orator, president of the Delta Upsilon, his fraternity, and a member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society. Mr. Warburton also paid some attention to literary pursuits, and during his Columbia course was editor of the Spectator, the university monthly. The promise which he thus gave of professional success was abundantly realized, and his brief career at the bar was marked by many causes of importance and unusual progress for the young practitioner. About a year and a half ago, in consequence of failing health, Mr. Warburton transferred his residence to Boerne, Tex., a town about fifty miles from San Antonio, in the foot hills of the mountains, where, resuming his professional work, he was soon elected county attorney. A few months since an attack of the grip, with further impairment of health, induced him to seek a temporary home in Fresno, where he failed to find the health which he anticipated. It had been Mr. Warburton’s purpose to return early in the summer and spend the next few months in this vicinity. Interment will be in Greenwood. The widow and son, who were with Mr. Warburton at his death, will accompany the body eastward. Mr. Warburton was 28 years old.”
The wife mentioned in the above obituary was Josephine nee Bochman. The son was also called William John.
His WWI Draft Registration:
“William John Warburton, 177 East 76 W. New York City N.Y., [born] March 25 1895, natural born, New York City N. Y. U.S.A., [employer] govt. school of aviation, [where employed] East Greenwich Rhode Island, single, [previous military service] Corpral Infantry Plassburg 1 yr, [signed:] William John Warburton, [height] medium, [build] medium, [eyes] blue, [hair] brown, [Date of registration] June 5, 1917.”
His WWII Draft Registration:
“[Serial Number] U1794, William John Warburton, 11 E 70 N. Y. N. Y., [Age in Years] 47, [Place of Birth] New York City, [Date of Birth] March 25 1895, [Name and Address of Person Who Will Always Know Your Address] Mrs. E. C. Pennal – 30 Sutton Pl. N. Y. C., [Employer’s Name and Address] Room 825 Chrysler Bldg (Civilian Defence Hqrs), [signed:] W J Warburton”. Mrs EC Pennal was his mother who had remarried.
William married 3 times but had no children. He married Edna Hoyt on 3rd June 1920. A report of the wedding stated:
“The wedding of William John Warburton, a son of Mrs. E. Carson Pennal by her first husband, the late William John Warburton, and Miss Edna Hoyt, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Walter C. Hoyt of New York, took place yesterday afternoon in St. Bartholomew’s Church, which was crowded with guests, the rector, the Rev. Dr. Leighton Parks, performing the ceremony … The wedding reception followed at the bride’s home, 130 East Sixty-seventh Street, and on their return in a few weeks from their honeymoon trip Mr. and Mrs. Warburton will make their home at that address. Mrs. Warburton is a debutante of last Winter, is a member of the Junior League and is a niece of Mrs. George Quintard Palmer. Mr. Warburton is a Princeton graduate, class of 1918. He was with the naval aviation force overseas.”
William and Edna divorced in 1927, and William married Ruth Jones in 1932. It isn’t known when this marriage ended but William married Consuelo Vanderbilt in 1941 and divorced her in 1946.
Consuelo Vanderbilt was the great great granddaughter of Commodore Vanderbilt. Her father was William Kissam Vanderbilt and mother Virginia Fair. Her father, William Kissam Vanderbilt, Jr., like his father, William Kissam Vanderbilt, was President of the New York Central Railroad. Her mother, Virginia Graham Fair, was the daughter of United States Senator James G. Fair of Nevada, a forty-niner from the time of the California gold rush and one of the “Silver Kings” who developed the Comstock Lode in Nevada.
Consuelo Vanderbilt had 4 husbands, of whom William John Warburton was the third.
William’s Death Notice in the New York Times dated 11th January 1979 stated: “Warburton — William John, formerly of 136 E. 76 St., N. Y. on January 9, 1979 in his 84th year.”
The last of Anthony William’s children to emigrate was Lucinda Jane (1819-97). She had married Robert Robinson in Dublin on 28th December 1836. Her brother William Thomas was a witness. Robert died in 1848 at Birkenhead, Cheshire.
Lucy then married John Johnstone in Liverpool on 17th February 1851. John was a bachelor and tailor, father William, a tailor. Lucy was a widow, father Anthony, a gentleman. John died in India in 1858.
In the 1861 census Lucy R Johnstone (39) is a widowed dressmaker living at 2 Bedford Street, Birkenhead with 3 sons and a daughter. The eldest son was 13 and probably the son of Robert Robinson, although he was listed as a Johnstone.
Lucy emigrated in 1863. The passenger manifest for the SS Virginia, dated 12th December 1863 included Lucy (43) a spinster, sons Thomas (15), and William (7), and daughter Margaret (6). A third son Alexander had died. He is present on the 1861 census, but not the 1863 passenger list. From the following it seems an older son James had emigrated in 1854 and gone to stay with Adolphus. He subsequently died in the American Civil War and Lucy was claiming his pension.
The Civil War Pension file of Lucy J. Robinson, mother of James J Robinson, includes the following:
A statement by Adolphus Warburton: “The claimant’s first husband, Robinson (father of James J. Robinson) died at Birkenhead, England, in September, 1848; in 1851 the claimant married a man named Johnston, who, as I was informed and believe, was a deserter from the British army, was afterward condemned to Military servitude in India, and died there in the year 1857; and in consequence of the disgrace associated with the name, the claimant afterward took her former name of Robinson. James J. Robinson came to live with me, in Naas Ireland, in 1851; I came to New York in July 1853; James J. Robinson came to me, here, the following year, and remained with me, except when occasionally away on business, until the time of his enlistment. After said Johnston’s death in 1857, the claimant was poorly off, as I was informed by letters from her and others; …”
An Affidavit [dated 10th Aug 1878] of Mrs. Lucy Robinson, age 59 years, resident of Cleveland, county of Cuyahoga, Ohio, says she emigrated to New York in Dec 1863 as a widow with her 3 younger children, then to Cleveland Ohio, in Mar 1864.
“… there were surviving at date of [James’] death, his brothers and sisters, who were under sixteen years of age, as follows:
- Thomas F. Robinson, born Febry 7th 1848
- William W. Robinson, born Jany 6, 1854
- Margaret J. Robinson, born December 21 1856″
“… in the following year, 1858, she received notice that John Johnston, her husband, who was transported to India for the crime of desertion, had died, thus leaving her a widow, and said Lucy Johnston further says that by and under the laws of England the wife of a transported husband can take back her previous name without any legal process, and the name so taken back is good in law, and as James J. Robinson was then in America, and not knowing of the disgrace, and the other young children not old enough to know about it, and by advice of her brothers and friends, she took back the name of Mrs. Lucy J. Robinson, so as to bring her children up unbeknown to the disgrace of their father, and they never knew any different.”
Letter to Lucy from her brother, Adolphus Warburton in NY, 16th May 1862, in pension file:
“I must say I did not grieve to hear that Johnston was dead. I trust he repented of his ways before being taken to another world; and I do not think that he proved to be of any benefit to himself or his children in this. You have had two rather discouraging matrimonial experiences; I trust you will never be tempted to a third: But for the second unfortunate alliance you made, things might have been very different: you could have come here when poor dear Mother did. But the past we cannot recall …”
The 1880 census records Lucy (60) is a widowed dressmaker living at 99 Hanover, Cleveland, Ohio with William (26) a carpenter and Margaret (23).
Lucy’s death record in 1897 says she was 78 from 9 Ursula Street, Cleveland and died of old age.
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