Y-Chromosome Testing with the Warburton DNA Project
The Warburton DNA Project uses Y-chromosome DNA. The Y-chromosome is passed unchanged from father to son much like a surname, so it makes an obvious compliment to a one-name study.
Family Tree DNA’s BigY-700 test will uncover your haplogroup story. The Y chromosome is passed from father to son remaining mostly unaltered across generations, except for small traceable changes in DNA. By tracking these changes, FTDNA constructed a family tree of humankind where all male lineages trace back to a single common ancestor who lived hundreds of thousands of years ago. This human tree allows us to explore lineages through time and place and to uncover the modern history of your direct paternal surname line and the ancient history of our shared ancestors. A major new development is the Family Tree DNA Discover Tool which allows you to explore this history. This link to the tool will take you to pages for haplogroup R-M269 which includes all but 10 of the Warburton results. However the common ancestor of this haplogroup lived over 4,000 years ago, and if you want to know the story since then the BigY-700 test will uncover all the lineages in your own story down to modern times.
My aim for the Warburton One-Name Project is to have one BigY-700 test result from each clan, and for each unmatched result within a clan. For those not yet in clans, documenting the known family tree, and obtaining a BigY result are complementary activities. We have made some considerable progress towards these objectives, particularly in the larger matching groups of clans, but there are many more clans whose story is untold. If you feel inspired please don’t hesitate to contact me.
A Big Y-700 haplogroup story is shared by others, depending on how closely related they are to the tester. Therefore the most important consideration in planning your project participation is to determine the extent to which you may share an existing result, and the extent to which you might extend that story.
To help to understand your options I have created a number of scenarios to help guide you to the most useful tests. These can be found in the Warburton DNA Project Overview.
For more information on the BigY-700 test you can see Family Tree DNA’s 2020 Review of BigY here. It explains far better than I can the plans, progress and objectives of mass BigY testing. Also if you have a half hour to spare you can watch a presentation by Janine Cloud, FTDNA Group Projects Manager, at the 2021 RootsTech Virtual Conference. It is on YouTube here.
The Warburton DNA Project began using a test similar to the current Family Tree DNA Y37 test and this will still be appropriate if your objective is ascertain if you are related to someone who has already done the BigY-700 test.
The Warburton DNA Project
The Warburton DNA Project is hosted at Family Tree DNA here. You will find some background information, and a link to DNA Results.This Page links to additional commentary on the results, the Project and DNA Testing.
The Warburton DNA Project has been running since 2006 and now has over 60 results (including 20+ BigY results), plus several results from non-Warburtons who have matched Warburtons or who have a Warburton interest. Over 45 Warburton results are matched to at least one other result ,and over 30 belong to one of three large groups, where several clan trees are shown to be related:
- The Cheshire Group includes Warburtons who are probably descended from a Norman knight, Odard de Dutton, who was granted significant lands following the Norman Conquest of 1066.
- The Lancashire Group is of Saxon descent and probably descends from a villager who moved to Lancashire. The first Warburtons appeared in Tottington Manor in the 15th century.
- The Ashley and Notts Group includes the Nottinghamshire clan the Ashley and Morley clan, and the family of Samuel of Western Australia.
We also have some smaller groups where a couple of clans are connected, and matches within clan trees.
Do you want to find out if you are part of one of the Warburton groups, or uncover the story in your Y-chromosome? If you are a Warburton male, or have access to one, the Warburton Surname DNA Study seeks new participants. I have written a number of documents to explain DNA, the Warburton DNA Project, and its results. These are designed to help you make an informed decision on how you might wish to participate. There are links to these documents under Documentation below, and in the sidebar.
If you are interested please contact me via the Contact Me form. We can then discuss your options.
If the Big Y-700 test is your preferred option then we must recognise that it is expensive for many people, but the result is valuable for the many who will share all or part of the story. This gives an opportunity for cost sharing. Also some cost relief arrives from the regular sales at Family Tree DNA. The current November 2022 sale reduces the cost of a BigY-700 test to $379.
I propose to facilitate Big Y-700 testing by separating the process of identifying Big Y-700 test candidates from the process of funding the test. We should use the period between sales as follows:
- The scenarios in the Warburton DNA Project Overview will help you decide if you are a test candidate.
- Anyone who believes they are a candidate and is willing to be tested should contact me, stating the extent to which they and their family members are willing to contribute.
- I will publicise (via Posts on the website) the test opportunities and seek further funding from people who will also benefit from the result, and from those in the wider Warburton community willing to contribute.
- The General Fund will be used to collect these contributions.
The General Fund is maintained at Family Tree DNA. Any amount is welcome. Every little helps. If you would like to support the project by making a donation to the fund please click here. This will take you to the appropriate page at Family Tree DNA where you can make your donation via credit card, or PayPal. Please be sure to select Warburton from the list of projects. You can use the Note to say if you are contributing to a specific test.
The testing process is simple, though you must be male to take this test, and have the Warburton surname or variant to be included in the Warburton Project.
The process of testing, payment, and notification of individual results is run by Family Tree DNA. In either case a numbered test kit is sent to your home. When the test kit arrives you simply perform the test, which involves taking a swab from inside your cheek, and mail the kit back. You will find more details in the Mechanics section of the Warburton DNA Project Overview.
There are several documents that explain the Warburton DNA Project and its results.
The first Group of documents introduce DNA and the Project:
- DNA and its Uses in Genealogy This document gives an overview of what DNA is, and how it is used to support genealogical research. if you know nothing of DNA this should explain enough to understand how it can support genealogical research.
- Warburton DNA Project Overview This document describes the project, and its evolution. It covers the tests used, the mechanics of testing, scenarios to help decided which tests you need, and strategies to control costs.
- My Uses of DNA This document describes the DNA tests I have taken, and what I learned from them.
The next group of documents are about the results:
- DNA Results Commentary The project’s results are given in a table on the Warburton DNA Project webpage at Family Tree DNA. This document is a commentary on those results and a guide to supporting documents.
- Deep History The sequence of SNPs on the Block Tree defines the deep history of each Y-chromosome. When you get far enough back these histories merge. This document describes the shared and separate histories of the Warburton BigY results.
- The Cheshire Group The largest group of matching results belong to the Cheshire Group. This document is about those results. It is also a guide to the Cheshire Group Haplotree.
- The Cheshire Group Haplotree This document presents the Cheshire Group Haplotree.
- The Lancashire Group The second largest group of matching results belong to the Lancashire Group. This document is about those results. It is also a guide to the Lancashire Group Haplotree.
- The Lancashire Group Haplotree This document presents the Lancashire Group Haplotree.
- The Ashley and Notts Group This document discusses the results from 3 BigY-700 results, and 3 Y37 results (one unmatched).
- The Asley and Notts Group Haplotree This document presents the Lancashire Group Haplotree.
- SNP ages from the FTDNA Discover Tool This document includes SNP age estimates for all Warburton BigY results. It is based on a TMRCA algorithm on which Iain McDonald is named as a collaborator.
This group of documents have background information, particularly about Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor calculations based on STR results, and their application to the Cheshire Group.
This is an article I had published in the Journal of One-Name Studies in April 2018 about the evolution of Y-chromosome DNA projects.
These are two documents from the U106 Project (documents by Iain McDonald)
Just click on the name of an item to access it. They are all in PDF format so you can download them if you require. There are also several articles in the Newsletters, though important information in also included in the papers.
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