The Warburton DNA Project
The Warburton DNA Project has been running since 2006 and now has 58 results, of which 41 are matched to at least one other result. 24 of the results belong to one of two large groups:
- The Cheshire Group includes Warburtons who are probably descended from a Norman knight, Odard de Dutton, who was granted significant lands following the Norman Conquest of 1066.
- The Lancashire Group is of Saxon descent and probably descends from a villager who moved to Lancashire., the first Warburtons appearing in Tottington Manor in the 15th century.
We also have a growing number of smaller groups. At least 2 previously unmatched results have found matches recently.
Do you want to find out if you are part of one of the Warburton groups, or uncover the story in your Y-chromosome ? If you are a Warburton male, or have access to one, the Warburton Surname DNA Study seeks new participants. I have written a number of documents to explain DNA, the Warburton DNA Project, and its results. These are designed to help you make an informed decision on how you might wish to participate. There are links to these documents under Documentation below, and in the sidebar.
If you are interested please contact me by clicking on my picture to the right. We can then discuss your options.
Warburton DNA Project Evolution
The Warburton DNA Project uses Y-chromosome DNA. The Y-chromosome is passed unchanged from father to son much like a surname, so it makes an obvious compliment to a one-name study. Copying errors are rare, but do occur, and the sequence of them describes the journey of your Y-chromosome since early man.
A series of announcements from Family Tree DNA over the past year has transformed the possibilities from DNA testing by making it easier to uncover the story in your Y-chromosome. A new comprehensive test, the Big Y-700, is complemented by the Y Tree. By finding your position on the Y Tree your story will be uncovered, and those closest to you on the Y Tree will be revealed.
A Big Y-700 result shines on many others depending on how closely related they are to the tester. Therefore the most important consideration in planning your project participation is whether you are already in the glow of an existing result? If you are then you should consider if you can enhance the glow. Otherwise you will need to create your own glow.
To help to understand your options I have created a number of scenarios to help guide you to the most useful tests. These can be found in the Warburton DNA Project Overview.
If the Big Y-700 test is your preferred option then we must recognise that it is expensive for many people, but the result is valuable for the many it shines on. This gives an opportunity for cost sharing. Also some cost relief arrives from the regular sales at Family Tree DNA. The last sale reduced the cost of the earlier Big Y test to below $500.
I propose to facilitate Big Y-700 testing by separating the process of identifying Big Y-700 test candidates from the process of funding the test. We should use the period between sales as follows:
- The scenarios in the Warburton DNA Project Overview will help you decide if you are a test candidate. I have also identified opportunities in the Lancashire and Cheshire Groups where a test is desirable.
- Anyone who believes they are a candidate and is willing to be tested should contact me, stating the extent to which they and their family members are willing to contribute.
- I will publicise (via Posts on the website) the test opportunities and seek further funding from people who will also benefit from the result, and from those in the wider Warburton community willing to contribute.
- The General fund will be used to collect these contributions.
The General Fund is maintained at Family Tree DNA. Any amount is welcome. Every little helps. If you would like to support the project by making a donation to the fund please click here. This will take you to the appropriate page at Family Tree DNA where you can make your donation via credit card, or PayPal. Please be sure to select Warburton from the list of projects. You can use the Note to say if you are contributing to a specific test.
The testing process is simple, though you must be male to take this test, and have the Warburton surname or variant to be included in the Warburton Project.
The process of testing, payment, and notification of individual results is run by Family Tree DNA. An exception is that I recommend most specific SNP tests are purchased from YSEQ. In either case a numbered test kit is sent to your home. When the test kit arrives you simply perform the test, which involves taking a swab from inside your cheek, and mail the kit back. You will find more details in the Mechanics section of the Warburton DNA Project Overview.
There are several documents that explain the Warburton DNA Project and its results.
The first Group of documents introduce DNA and the Project:
- DNA and its Uses in Genealogy This document gives an overview of what DNA is, and how it is used to support genealogical research. if you know nothing of DNA this should explain enough to understand how it can support genealogical research.
- Warburton DNA Project Overview This document describes the project, and its evolution. It covers the tests used, the mechanics of testing, scenarios to help decided which tests you need, and strategies to control costs.
- My Uses of DNA This document describes the DNA tests I have taken, and what I learned from them.
The next group of documents are about the results:
- DNA Results Commentary The project’s results are given in a table on the
Warburton DNA Project webpage at Family Tree DNA. This document is a commentary on those results and a guide to supporting documents.
- The Cheshire Group The largest group of matching results belong to the Cheshire Group. This document is about those results. It is also a guide to the Cheshire Group Haplotree.
- The Cheshire Group Haplotree This document presents the Cheshire Group Haplotree.
- The Lancashire Group The second largest group of matching results belong to the Lancashire Group. This document is about those results. It is also a guide to the Lancashire Group Haplotree.
- The Lancashire Group Haplotree This document presents the Lancashire Group Haplotree.
- SNP ages for the Lancashire and Cheshire Groups This document includes SNP age estimates for the Lancashire and Cheshire Groups based on the work of Iain McDonald of the R-U106 Project.
This group of documents have background information, particularly about Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor calculations based on STR results, and their application to the Cheshire Group.
- Notes on the Cheshire Group TMRCA calculations
- Mutations Table
- Warburton-Dutton TMRCA Calculations
- TMRCA Calculations from 5 Dutton and Warburton 111 Marker STR Results
- A Comparison of Matching Warburton and Dutton Results
- Interesting Non-Warburton DNA Results
This is an article I had published in the Journal of One-Name Studies in April 2018 about the evolution of Y-chromosome DNA projects.
These are two documents from the U106 Project (documents by Iain McDonald)
Just click on the name of an item to access it. They are all in PDF format so you can download them if you require. There are also several articles in the Newsletters, though important information in also included in the papers.